Meet the Directors
As a Co-Director of COMPASS Life Sciences, Dr. McEvoy helps to shape the direction and vision for undergraduate programs that focus on enhancing the success of students from under-represented backgrounds. She hopes to more positively impact their future careers in the life sciences.
Dr. McEvoy is also the Co-Director of the MARC-U-STAR program at UCLA, which is funded by the National Institute of Health. She takes significant interest in the successful mentoring of under-represented individuals and from 2011 to 2016 – she led efforts to fund and direct (MARC) Maximizing Access to Research Careers at the University of Arizona. In 2015, the University of Arizona awarded her Excellence in Mentoring (Honors College) and the 2015 Distinguished Advising Award (College of Science).
Dr. McEvoy received her bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and her Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Oregon. In June 2016, she joined the faculty at UCLA where she is a Professor in the Institute for Society and Genetics and the Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics.
Dr. McEvoy is a member of the Molecular Biology Institute; a member of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Structural Biology GPB Home Area; and a member of Immunity, Microbes & Molecular Pathogenesis GPB Home Area.
Broadly trained as a protein biochemist and structural biologist, the research in the McEvoy Lab is focused on developing an understanding of how organisms handle metal ions. Organisms can face highly varying levels of metal ions through their environment or diet, and metal ion concentrations in cells must be carefully regulated. Some metal cations, such as copper, cobalt, and nickel, are essential in trace amounts, though toxic at higher concentrations. Other metal ions, such as silver and mercury, do not fulfill any biological requirements but instead can interfere with proper cellular function even at relatively low concentrations. We are particularly interested in understanding how bacteria maintain metal ion homeostasis as metal ions can serve as broad-spectrum biocides. The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria through the overuse of antibiotics has brought a newfound interest in understanding how metal ions function as biocides and how bacteria respond when challenged with high metal ion concentrations as these may ultimately lead to new methods for combating disease. We are applying multidisciplinary approaches to understand a variety of interests including 1) how metal ions are discriminated 2) structural changes controlling protein function and 3) organismal responses to metal ions.
- Affandi Trisiani, Issaian Aaron V, McEvoy Megan M The Structure of the Periplasmic Sensor Domain of the Histidine Kinase CusS Shows Unusual Metal Ion Coordination at the Dimeric Interface Biochemistry, 2016; 55(37): 5296-306.
- Cantu-Bustos J Enrique, Vargas-Cortez Teresa, Morones-Ramirez Jose Ruben, Balderas-Renteria Isaias, Galbraith David W, McEvoy Megan M, Zarate Xristo Expression and purification of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli tagged with the metal-binding protein CusF Protein expression and purification, 2016; 121: 61-5.
- ChacÃ³n Kelly N, Mealman Tiffany D, McEvoy Megan M, Blackburn Ninian J Tracking metal ions through a Cu/Ag efflux pump assigns the functional roles of the periplasmic proteins Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2014; 111(43): 15373-8.
- Gudipaty Swapna A, McEvoy Megan M The histidine kinase CusS senses silver ions through direct binding by its sensor domain Biochimica et biophysica acta, 2014; 1844(9): 1656-61.
- Padilla-Benavides Teresita, George Thompson Alayna M, McEvoy Megan M, ArgÃ¼ello JosÃ© M Mechanism of ATPase-mediated Cu+ export and delivery to periplasmic chaperones: the interaction of Escherichia coli CopA and CusF The Journal of biological chemistry, 2014; 289(30): 20492-501.
- Jayakanthan Samuel, Roberts Sue A, Weichsel Andrzej, ArgÃ¼ello JosÃ© M, McEvoy Megan M Conformations of the apo-, substrate-bound and phosphate-bound ATP-binding domain of the Cu(II) ATPase CopB illustrate coupling of domain movement to the catalytic cycle Bioscience reports, 2012; 32(5): 443-53.
- Mealman Tiffany D, Zhou Mowei, Affandi Trisiani, ChacÃ³n Kelly N, Aranguren Mariana E, Blackburn Ninian J, Wysocki Vicki H, McEvoy Megan M N-terminal region of CusB is sufficient for metal binding and metal transfer with the metallochaperone CusF Biochemistry, 2012; 51(34): 6767-75.
- Mealman Tiffany D, Blackburn Ninian J, McEvoy Megan M Metal export by CusCFBA, the periplasmic Cu(I)/Ag(I) transport system of Escherichia coli Current topics in membranes, 2012; 69(1): 163-96.
- Gudipaty Swapna Aravind, Larsen Andrew S, Rensing Christopher, McEvoy Megan M Regulation of Cu(I)/Ag(I) efflux genes in Escherichia coli by the sensor kinase CusS FEMS microbiology letters, 2012; 330(1): 30-7.
- McEvoy Megan M, Rensing Christopher Biometals 2010 (Tucson, Arizona, USA) Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine, 2011; 24(3): 377-8.
- Kim Eun-Hae, Nies Dietrich H, McEvoy Megan M, Rensing Christopher Switch or funnel: how RND-type transport systems control periplasmic metal homeostasis Journal of bacteriology, 2011; 193(10): 2381-7.
- Mealman Tiffany D, Bagai Ireena, Singh Pragya, Goodlett David R, Rensing Christopher, Zhou Hongjun, Wysocki Vicki H, McEvoy Megan M Interactions between CusF and CusB identified by NMR spectroscopy and chemical cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry Biochemistry, 2011; 50(13): 2559-66.
- Conroy Otakuye, Kim Eun-Hae, McEvoy Megan M, Rensing Christopher Differing ability to transport nonmetal substrates by two RND-type metal exportersFEMS microbiology letters, 2010; 308(2): 115-22.
- Kim Eun-Hae, Rensing Christopher, McEvoy Megan M Chaperone-mediated copper handling in the periplasm Natural product reports, 2010; 27(5): 711-9.
- Kim Eun-Hae, Charpentier Xavier, Torres-Urquidy Oscar, McEvoy Megan M, Rensing Christopher The metal efflux island of Legionella pneumophila is not required for survival in macrophages and amoebas FEMS microbiology letters, 2009; 301(2): 164-70.
- Quaranta Davide, McEvoy Megan M, Rensing Christopher Site-directed mutagenesis identifies a molecular switch involved in copper sensing by the histidine kinase CinS in Pseudomonas putida KT2440 Journal of bacteriology, 2009; 191(16): 5304-11.
- Loftin Isabell R, Blackburn Ninian J, McEvoy Megan M Tryptophan Cu(I)-pi interaction fine-tunes the metal binding properties of the bacterial metallochaperone CusF Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2009; 14(6): 905-12.
- Bagai Ireena, Rensing Christopher, Blackburn Ninian J, McEvoy Megan M Direct metal transfer between periplasmic proteins identifies a bacterial copper chaperone Biochemistry, 2008; 47(44): 11408-14.
- Bagai Ireena, Liu Wenbo, Rensing Christopher, Blackburn Ninian J, McEvoy Megan M Substrate-linked conformational change in the periplasmic component of a Cu(I)/Ag(I) efflux system The Journal of biological chemistry, 2007; 282(49): 35695-702.
- Loftin Isabell R, Franke Sylvia, Blackburn Ninian J, McEvoy Megan M Unusual Cu(I)/Ag(I) coordination of Escherichia coli CusF as revealed by atomic resolution crystallography and X-ray absorption spectroscopy Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society, 2007; 16(10): 2287-93.
- Kittleson Joshua T, Loftin Isabell R, Hausrath Andrew C, Engelhardt Kevin P, Rensing Christopher, McEvoy Megan M Periplasmic metal-resistance protein CusF exhibits high affinity and specificity for both CuI and AgI Biochemistry, 2006; 45(37): 11096-102.
- Loftin Isabell R, Franke Sylvia, Roberts Sue A, Weichsel Andrzej, HÃ©roux Annie, Montfort William R, Rensing Christopher, McEvoy Megan M A novel copper-binding fold for the periplasmic copper resistance protein CusF Biochemistry, 2005; 44(31): 10533-40.
- Astashkin Andrei V, Raitsimring Arnold M, Walker F Ann, Rensing Christopher, McEvoy Megan M Characterization of the copper(II) binding site in the pink copper binding protein CusF by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2005; 10(3): 221-30.
- Dyer Collin M, Quillin Michael L, Campos Andres, Lu Justine, McEvoy Megan M, Hausrath Andrew C, Westbrook Edwin M, Matsumura Philip, Matthews Brian W, Dahlquist Frederick W Structure of the constitutively active double mutant CheYD13K Y106W alone and in complex with a FliM peptide Journal of molecular biology, 2004; 342(4): 1325-35.
The goal for COMPASS Life Sciences to put a powerful tool into a student’s hands so they will waste no time and miss no critical opportunities at a place so rich in educational and career resources as is UCLA. Dr. Poe was a first-generation, economically challenged black woman in the sciences who never took advantage of Stanford’s research opportunities because she did not know that taking part could also help pay her mounting bills. “It was pure chance that I lucked into my major, I hardly ever spoke to my professors and sought no mentors. I want to make sure UCLA STEM majors know how to take advantage of all the amazing opportunities and resources that this place has to offer.”
Along with being a Co-Director of COMPASS Life Sciences, Dr. Poe is a Co-Director of MARC U*STAR program.
Gina Poe is a professor in Integrative Biology and Physiology with a joint appointment in psychiatry. She is a neuroscientist with a bachelor’s degree in Human Biology from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in Neuroscience from UCLA.
Dr. Poe is a Director of Diversity in Outreach and Education for BRI-SURE and also directs two national programs for under-represented neuroscience graduate students and postdoctoral trainees.
The Poe Sleep Lab
The Poe Sleep Laboratory investigates the mechanisms by which sleep traits serve learning and memory consolidation. Memories are encoded by the pattern of synaptic connections between neurons. We employ tetrode recording and optogenetic techniques in learning animals to see how neural patterns underlying learning are reactivated during sleep, and how activity during sleep influences the neural memory code. Both strengthening and weakening of synapses are important to the process of sculpting a network when we make new memories and integrate them into an old schema. Results from our studies suggest that while synaptic strengthening can be efficiently accomplished during the waking learning process, the synaptic weakening part of memory integration requires conditions unique to sleep. The absence of noradrenaline during sleep spindles and REM sleep as well as the low levels of serotonin during REM sleep allow the brain to integrate new memories and to refresh and renew old synapses so that we are ready to build new associations the next waking period. Memory difficulties involved in post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, and even autism involve abnormalities in the sleep-dependent memory consolidation process that my lab studies.
On February 26, 2020, The Poe Sleep Lab was featured on the PBS NOVA series Mysteries of Sleep – “…from fruit flies to whales, virtually every animal sleeps. But why? Why do we need to spend nearly a third of our lives in such a defenseless state? Scientists are peering more deeply into the sleeping brain than ever before, discovering just how powerful sleep can be, playing a role in everything from memory retention and emotional regulation to removing waste from our brains.”
Selected Recent Publications
- Swift KM, Gross BA, Frazer M, Bauer DS, Vazey E, Aston-Jones G, Li Y, Pickering AE, Eschenko O, Sara SJ, Poe GR. Elimination of Locus Coeruleus silences during sleep alters learning and sleep spindle density. Current Biol, 28(22):3599-3609, 2018.
- Zaborszky L, Gombkoto P, Varsanyi P, Poe GR, Role L, Ananth M, Rajebhosale P, Talmage D, Hasselmo M, Dannenberg H, Minces V, Chiba A. Specific basal forebrain-cortical cholinergic circuits coordinate cognitive operations. J Neurosci, 38(44):1676-18, 2018.
- Lewis P, Knoblich G, Poe GR. Recasting reality: how memory replay in sleep boosts creative problem solving. Trends Cogni Sci, 22(6):491-503, 2018.
- Bjorness TE, Booth V, Poe GR. Theta dynamics reveal REM homeostasis. Archives of Italian Biology, 156:112-127, 2018.
- Poe GR. Sleep is for forgetting. J Neurosci 37(3):464-473, 2017.
- Emrick JJ, Gross BA, Riley BT, Poe GR. Different simultaneous sleep states in the hippocampus and neocortex. Sleep 39(12):2201-2209, 2016.
- Gross BA, Vanderheyden WM, Urpa LM*, Davis DE*, Fitzpatrick CJ, Prabhu K*, Poe GR. Stress-free automatic sleep deprivation using air puffs. J Neurosci Methods, 251:83-91, 2015.
- Vanderheyden WM, George S, Urpa L*, Liberzon I, Poe GR. Sleep alterations following trauma exposure predict subsequent fear memory processing. Exp Br Res, 233(8):2335-46, 2015.
- Vanderheyden WM, Poe GR, Liberzon I. Trauma exposure and sleep: using a rodent model to understand sleep function in PTSD. Exp Brain Res. 232(5):1575-84, 2014.
- Watts AC*, Gritton HJ, Sweigart J, Poe GR. The antidepressant drug desipramine suppresses REM sleep and impairs learning and memory of a hippocampal-dependent spatial maze task. J Neurosci. 32(39):13411-20, 2012.
For more information on publications; https://poe-sleeplab.weebly.com/publications.html